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Mjeksia Islame
Mjeksia Islame

THE ATTITUDE OF THE MOSLEM  TOWARDS HIS SICK BROTHER

THE ATTITUDE OF THE MOSLEM   TOWARDS HIS SICK BROTHER

 

 

sick-man
Hence, the Prophet (r) has made the love of the Moslem to his brother as a corner-stone in Faith and a condition to enter paradise.  Islam does not accept the Moslem to shun people and live as a monk in a hermitage.  He should rather participate in the establishment of a community based on love and co-operation for goodness.  The believer is described in the Hadith of the Prophet (r) narrated by Moslem, on the authority of Al Noaman Bin Basheer, as; “The likeness of the believers  in their amicability, mercifulness and sympathy is like the body, if an organ complains of an illness, the whole body would suffer fever and sleeplessness.”he Moslem’s heart is full of goodness and love for  people,  and it is an Islamic objective  to  establish an integrated  and  loving  community.   It  was  narrated  by Moslem, on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Prophet (r) said; “You will  not enter  paradise, until you have faith;   and  you will not complete your faith till you love each other.”

Thus, the Moslem’s attitude towards his brother is demonstrated clearly in case of illness, starting with visiting him, taking care of his affairs, and ending by seeing his needs fulfilled and taking care of his family when the patient is unable to take care of them.  This is intended to complete the sense of evoking sleeplessness.

 

The visit of the sick has several good effects:

 

  1. It helps confirm brotherly relationship and love, which are the corners of Faith, among Moslems.
  2. It can be considered a part of psychological support for the patient, as his feelings that he is not alone in time of distress would encompass him with a sense of self-consolidation, that may help him recover physically.

 

To attain  this  aim,  the  visitor  should  be  keen to assure the patient, and make him feel he is in good condition, even if his case is not satisfactory.  In such a situation, Islam allows concealing the truth about the patient’s condition.  It was narrated by Al Tirmizi, on the authority of Ibn Abbas, that the Prophet (r) said; “When you go to visit the sick, give him hope of a long life, as this will not prevent fate, yet it will solace his soul.”

  1. Praying for the patient’s recovery will remind him of his Lord, and open the gates of hope for him. Of the Prophet’s invocation to the patients:

 

  1. It was narrated by Al Tirmizi, on the authority of Ibn Abbas, that the Prophet (r) said; “I pray the Almighty Allah, the Lord of the Almighty Throne, to cure you.”
  2. It was narrated by Abu Dawood and Ibn Magah, on the authority of Abdullah, that the Prophet (r) said; “Lord of the people, take away this pain, and give healing, for You are the Giver of healing: there is no healing but Yours, such healing that leaves no sickness.”
  3. The Moslem patients has the right to be visited by his Moslem healthy brother. It was narrated by Moslem, Al Tirmizi and Al Nasaei, on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Prophet (r) said; “The Moslem’s rights to his Moslem brother are six.” The Prophet (r) was asked what they were. He answered; “When you meet a Moslem, greet him.  When he invites you, respond to his invitation.  When he asks for advice, advise him.  When he sneezes and  thanks Allah, ask forgiveness for him.  When he gets  sick, visit him.  If he dies, walk in his funeral procession.”

 

Visiting the patient takes the nature of rights which are portioned into: a part for man and a part for Allah the Elevated. This is demonstrated in the narration of Moslem, on the

 

authority of Abu Huraira, that the Prophet (r) said; “Allah the Elevated says on Doomsday: ‘Son of Adam, I was sick, and you did not come to visit Me.’  Man asks: ‘O, my Lord! How could I visit You  and You  are the Lord of all beings?’ Allah says; ‘Did you not know that My slave (so and so) was sick and you did not visit him.  Did you not know that if you had visited him, you would have found Me with him.’”

  1. Visiting the patient is an approach to Allah, for which the visitor is rewarded. It was narrated by Moslem and Al Tirmizi on the authority of Thawban that the Prophet (r) said; “Whoever visits a patient, will still be reaping of the fruits of paradise till he returns.” It is as though the visitor of the patient is in paradise reaping out of paradise fruits.
  2. The Prophet’s Sunnah has made the patient’s visit equal to the degree of any religious observance which keeps the Moslem close to Allah.  The Moslem is asked to start the visit by ablution (wudu’). It was narrated by Abu Dawood, on the authority of Anas, that the Prophet (r) said; “Whoever performs ablution in the right manner and visits his Moslem brother seeking reward of Allah, would be kept away from Hell-fire for a period of seventy autumns.” To emphasise that visiting the patient is at the same degree of performing religious observance, the Prophet (r) used to go on foot to visit the patient, as though he was going to the mosque.  It was narrated by Al Bukhari, Abu Dawood, Al Tirmizi and Al Hakim, on the authority of Jaber, who said; “The Prophet (r)  used to visit me when I was sick, not riding a mule or a horse.”   Of the rules of good conduct when visiting a patient is that his residence, either in hospital or at home, should not be a place for serving drinks or food.   It was narrated by Al Daylami in Musnad Al Fardous, on the authority of Abu Omamah, that the Prophet (r) said; “If you visit a patient, do not eat at his place, as your reward is visiting him.” 
  3. Visiting the patient has a humanitarian side and is not only limited to the consideration of brotherhood among Moslems, but it is rather extended to non-Moslems, with whom the Moslem has some associations.It was narrated by Al Bukhari and Abu Dawood, on the authority of Anas, that a Jewish boy was in the service of the Prophet and got sick. The Prophet (r) came to visit him, and sat near his head.  The Prophet (r) asked him; “Embrace Islam.” The lad  looked  at his father, who asked him to obey the Prophet (Abul Qasim) (r).   When the lad embraced Islam, the Prophet (r) stood up and said; “Praise be to Allah, Who delivered him from hell-fire.”
  4. Visiting a patient is due when the attending physician sees that the patient’s condition so allows, and that there is no harm to the patient or a risk of contagion to the visitor; as the Islamic rule indicates that if there is harm, warding off harm is advanced over seeking benefit. It was narrated by Al Bukhari and Moslem, on the authority of Abu Huraira, that the Prophet (r) said; “The sick of contagious disease should not be allowed to approach the healthy.” If the risk of infection is potential, visiting the patient is not allowed.
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