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Mjeksia Islame
Mjeksia Islame

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF SCIENTIFIC METHODS IN THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE



ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF SCIENTIFIC METHODS   IN THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF SCIENTIFIC METHODS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF SCIENTIFIC METHODS 

IN THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE





 
The Prophet (r) was the initiator of freeing  the profession  of  medicine from superstitious practices, thus placing it as a methodology that should depend on scientific methods.   Of  the  most  important rules that the Prophet (r) commands are as follows:

  1. Resorting to the experienced professional. Although the Prophet (r) was sent by Allah, yet he never claimed to have the power to treat. When Jesus Christ (u) treated the sick people, it was a miracle sent down by Allah through his hands and should not be considered a rule for every prophet.   On the authority of Hilal Bin Yassar that he said; “The  Prophet (r) once paid a visit to a patient and said; ‘Send for the doctor.’ A man said; ‘O, Messenger of Allah! Do you say so?’   The Prophet (r) replied; ‘Yes, I do.'”
  2. Respecting specialisation in the profession of medicine. On the authority of Zayd Bin Aslam that a man was injured and blood was congested. The Prophet (r) called two persons from the tribe of Bani Anmar and said; ‘Whoever of you is more professional in medicine?’ A man said; ‘Is it good to take up medicine?’ The Prophet (r) replied; ‘That Who created disease, sent down treatment.'” So, the Prophet (r) sought to select the most experienced in medicine to treat this injury.   On the authority of Saad that he said; “I once got sick, and the Prophet (r) came to visit me.  He (r) put his hand on my chest, till I felt its coolness on my heart. Then the Prophet (r) said; ‘You have a cardiac ailment.   Send for Al Harith Bin Kalda from Thoqaif, as he is a man who gives medical treatment.'”
  3. Treatment is subject to the reasoning of causes and results. Hence, there is no treatment except after diagnosing the disease. On the authority of  Al-Shamardal Bin Thabat Al Kaabi that the Prophet (r) said;“Do not give treatment except when you know the disease.”
  4. Practising the profession of medicine is limited to professional experts in such a field. It was narrated by Amr Bin Shoaib, on the authority of his father, on the authority of his grandfather that the Prophet (r) said; “Whosoever treats people without knowledge of medicine, becomes liable.” Hence, whoever practises medicine, with no previous experience in the field of treatment, and inflicts harm or death upon others, is subject to punishment. The principle of the doctor’s liability was one of  the elements of the system of probate courts in the time of the Islamic caliphate.
  5. Diseases which have no treatment, so far, are afflictions from Allah to His servant. Thus, the diseased should be patient and hope for Allah’s  reward, and paradise is ordained for him.  On the authority of Ibn Abbas that a woman came to the Prophet (r)  and said;  “I get attacks of epilepsy and my body becomes uncovered; please invoke Allah for me.” The Prophet (r) said to her; “If you wish, you can be patient and enter paradise; and if you wish, I will invoke Allah  to cure you.” She  said; “I will remain patient.”
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